Identities (users)

In identity management an identity is a set of informations that describes a real person. Some of the information like First Name, Last Name, Login or Password are crucial for many IT systems, since they process them, or e.g. use them for authentication or authorization. Identity management systems process the data about identity, transform them and use them to manage accounts on connected systems.

 Identity in identity management

The representation of a user in CzechIdM system is an entity called identity. Put simply, an identity can be described as a user registered in CzechIdM with all his attributes e.g. first name, surname, phone number, etc. The identity representation is rather complex discipline. To be able to handle automatic identity lifecycle processes CzechIdM presents other entities with attributes that have a relation to an identity. Those are Contracts, Roles and Tree nodes forming Tree strucures.

 Entities relations

The relation of identities in CzechIdM with a company or organization is represented by an entity called contract. A contract can be imagined as:

  • job contract for work – employees
  • study – pupils/students
  • contract/arrangement – external co-workers
  • etc.

A user can have many contracts. A contract is in relation with other objects in CzechIdM:

  • Identity – described above
  • Tree structure – a contract can be added to a tree (organizational) structure, which effectively allows integrating the user into a hierarchical division in an organization.
  • Roles – roles in CzechIdM are assigned to contracts, i.e. a user gets roles through their contracts. Due to this, all manually created identities can (application option) have one automatically prepared contract called Default.
Every active user should have their contract. Via contracts Roles are assigned to users and users are placed into Tree structure (working position)

Identity life cycle is controlled by state. State is changed automatically by system - when identity is created, contract to identity is added or removed etc.

Identity states:

  • created - identity is enabled. State is assigned to newly created identity.
  • no contract - identity is disabled. Identity doesn't have a contract. All contract were deleted.
  • future contract - identity is disabled. Identity has valid contract in the future, but not now.
  • valid - identity is enabled. Identity has valid contract.
  • left - identity is disabled. Identity has invalid contracts only.
  • disabled - identity is disabled. Identity contracts are excluded.
  • disabled manually - identity is disabled manually, e.g. by administrator / synchronization. Manually disabled identity can be enabled manually only again.

When identity starts to be valid (some of their contract starts to be valid) and identity has account at least on one target system, then new password is generated and changed on all identity's accounts ⇒ identity will have the same password in all accounts. Notification (see acc:newPasswordAllSystems template) is send to identity about new password on which accounts were changed.

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